Solar Manufacturing R&D



"Intense pulsed light processing for photovoltaic manufacturing." Druffel, T., R. Dharmadasa, B. W. Lavery and K. Ankireddy (2018). Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 174: 359-369. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2017.09.010



"Seed mediated copper nanoparticle synthesis for fabricating oxidation-free interdigitated electrodes using intense pulse light sintering for flexible printed chemical sensors," Ankireddy, K., T. Druffel, S. Vunnam, G. Filipič, R. Dharmadasa and D. Amos, Journal of Materials Chemistry C (2017).


"Atmospheric Processing of Perovskite Solar Cells using Intense Pulsed Light," Ankireddy, K., B. W. Lavery and T. Druffel, Journal of Electronic Materials (2017).


"Electroplating of CdTe thin films from cadmium sulphate precursor and comparison of layers grown by 3-electrode and 2-electrode systems," I. Dharmadasa, M.L. Madugu, O.I. Olusola, O.K. Echendu, F. Fauzi, D. Diso, A. Weeradinghe, R. Dharmadasa, B. Lavery, J.B. Jasinski, T.A. Krentsel, G. Sumanasekera, Coatings (2017)


"Effect of Precursor Solution Aging on the Crystallinity and Photovoltaic Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells," H. Tsai, W. Y. Nie, Y. H. Lin, J. C. Blancon, S. Tretiak, J. Even, G. Gupta, P. M. Ajayan and A. D. Mohite, Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 7.


“Ultrafast Exciton Dynamics in Shape-Controlled Methylammonium Lead Bromide Perovskite Nanostructures: Effect of Quantum Confinement on Charge Carrier Recombination,” H. Telfah, A. Jamhawi, M. B. Teunis, R. Sardar, and J. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 28556–28565 (2017).



"Stable and durable CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells at ambient conditions," Rajamanickam, N., Kumari, S., Vendra, V.K., Lavery, B., Spurgeon, J., Druffel, T., and Sunkara, M.*, Nanotechnology, 2016, 27, 235404.


"Intense Pulsed Light Sintering of CH3NH3PbI3 Solar Cells," Lavery, B., Kumari, S., Konermann, H., Draper, G., Spurgeon, J., and Druffel, T.*, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 2016, 13, 8419-8426.



"Ultrafast charge carrier relaxation and charge transfer processes in CdS/CdTe thin films." Pandit, B., R. Dharmadasa, I. M. Dharmadasa, T. Druffel and J. Liu (2015). Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 17(26): 16760-16766. DOI: 10.1039/c5cp01652e


"High rate and durable, binder free anode based on silicon loaded MoO3 nanoplatelets." Martinez-Garcia, A., A. K. Thapa, R. Dharmadasa, T. Q. Nguyen, J. Jasinski, T. L. Druffel and M. K. Sunkara (2015). Sci Rep 5: 10530. DOI: 10.1038/srep10530


"Toward high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells with a photoanode fabricated via a simple water-based formulation." Lupitskyy, R., V. K. Vendra, J. Jasinski, D. A. Amos, M. K. Sunkara and T. Druffel (2015). Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 23(7): 883-891. DOI: 10.1002/pip.2502


"Solution phase synthesis and intense pulsed light sintering and reduction of a copper oxide ink with an encapsulating nickel oxide barrier." Jha, M., R. Dharmadasa, G. L. Draper, A. Sherehiy, G. Sumanasekera, D. Amos and T. Druffel (2015). Nanotechnology 26(17): 175601. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/26/17/175601


"Fabrication of Elemental Copper by Intense Pulsed Light Processing of a Copper Nitrate Hydroxide Ink."Draper, G. L., R. Dharmadasa, M. E. Staats, B. W. Lavery and T. Druffel (2015). ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7(30): 16478-16485. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b03854


"Processing of CdTe thin films by intense pulsed light in the presence of CdCl2." Dharmadasa, R., B. W. Lavery, I. M. Dharmadasa and T. Druffel (2015). Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 12(5): 835-842. DOI: 10.1007/s11998-015-9688-x


"Effects of CdCl2 treatment on deep levels in CdTe and their implications on thin film solar cells: a comprehensive photoluminescence study." Dharmadasa, I. M., O. K. Echendu, F. Fauzi, N. A. Abdul-Manaf, H. I. Salim, T. Druffel, R. Dharmadasa and B. Lavery (2015). Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. DOI: 10.1007/s10854-015-3090-4



"Nanowire architectures for iodide free dye-sensitized solar cells." Vendra, V. K., T. Q. Nguyen, T. Druffel, J. B. Jasinski, D. A. Amos and M. K. Sunkara (2014). Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(10): 3543. DOI: 10.1039/c3ta13997b


"Intense pulsed light treatment of cadmium telluride nanoparticle-based thin films." Dharmadasa, R., B. Lavery, I. M. Dharmadasa and T. Druffel (2014). ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(7): 5034-5040. DOI: 10.1021/am500124t


"Intense Pulsed Light Sintering of Electrodeposited CdS Thin Films."Dharmadasa, R., I. M. Dharmadasa and T. Druffel (2014). Advanced Engineering Materials 16(11): 1351-1361. DOI: 10.1002/Adem.201400008

"Fabrication of CdS/CdTe-Based Thin Film Solar Cells Using an Electrochemical Technique."

Dharmadasa, I., P. Bingham, O. Echendu, H. Salim, T. Druffel, R. Dharmadasa, G. Sumanasekera, R. Dharmasena, M. Dergacheva, K. Mit, K. Urazov, L. Bowen, M. Walls and A. Abbas (2014). Coatings 4(3): 380-415. DOI: 10.3390/coatings4030380


"Scalable synthesis and photoelectrochemical properties of copper oxide nanowire arrays and films." Sunkara, S., V. K. Vendra, J. H. Kim, T. Druffel and M. K. Sunkara (2013). Catalysis Today 199(0): 27-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2012.03.014


"Spectroscopic Investigation of Photoinduced Charge-Transfer Processes in FTO/TiO2/N719 Photoanodes with and without Covalent Attachment through Silane-Based Linkers." Pandit, B., T. Luitel, D. R. Cummins, A. K. Thapa, T. Druffel, F. Zamborini and J. Liu (2013). J Phys Chem A 117(50): 13513-13523. DOI: 10.1021/jp407270j


"The effects of surface roughness on low haze ultrathin nanocomposite films." Kanniah, V., E. A. Grulke and T. Druffel (2013). Thin Solid Films 539: 170-180. DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2013.04.126


"Room temperature synthesis of a copper ink for the intense pulsed light sintering of conductive copper films." Dharmadasa, R., M. Jha, D. A. Amos and T. Druffel (2013). ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5(24): 13227-13234. DOI: 10.1021/am404226e



"Photoanode Area Dependent Efficiency and Recombination Effects in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells." Vendra, V. K., J. Absher, S. R. Ellis, D. A. Amos, T. Druffel and M. K. Sunkara (2012). Journal of The Electrochemical Society 159(8): H728-H733. DOI: 10.1149/2.067208jes


"Elastic behaviour of a nanocomposite thin film undergoing significant strains." Druffel, T., M. Lattis, M. Spencer, and O. Buazza, Nanotechnology, 2010. 21(10): p. 105708. doi 10.1088/0957-4484/21/10/105708

"Functionalizing titania nanoparticle surfaces in a fluidized bed plasma reactor." Deb, B., V. Kumar, T.L. Druffel, and M.K. Sunkara, Nanotechnology, 2009. 20(46): p. 465701. doi 10.1088/0957-4484/20/46/465701

"Polymer nanocomposite thin film mirror for the infrared region." Druffel, T., N. Mandzy, M. Sunkara, and E. Grulke, Small, 2008. 4(4): p. 459-61. doi 10.1002/smll.200700680

"Nanoindentation-induced delamination of submicron polymeric coatings." Geng, K.B., F.Q. Yang, T. Druffel, and E.A. Grulke, Polymer, 2007. 48(3): p. 841-848. doi 10.1016/j.polymer.2006.07.075

"Mechanical comparison of a polymer nanocomposite to a ceramic thin-film anti-reflective filter." Druffel, T., K.B. Geng, and E. Grulke, Nanotechnology, 2006. 17(14): p. 3584-3590. doi 10.1088/0957-4484/17/14/038

"Breakage of TiO2 agglomerates in electrostatically stabilized aqueous dispersions." Mandzy, N., E. Grulke, and T. Druffel, Powder Technology, 2005. 160(2): p. 121-126. doi 10.1016/j.powtec.2005.08.020

"Anti-reflective optical coatings incorporating nanoparticles." Krogman, K.C., T. Druffel, and M.K. Sunkara, Nanotechnology, 2005. 16(7): p. S338-S343. doi 10.1088/0957-4484/16/7/005

"Nanoindentation behavior of ultrathin polymeric films." Geng, K.B., F.Q. Yang, T. Druffel, and E.A. Grulke, Polymer, 2005. 46(25): p. 11768-11772. doi 10.1016/j.polymer.2005.


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